Lesson 1- Introduction to Physical Therapy
In our first lesson, I'll introduce you to the profession of physical therapy (PT). You'll learn about the history of PT and how two wars and an epidemic created a need for this profession. To help you understand what makes PTs different from other health care professionals, we'll discuss the types of patients who need PT and the types of treatment PTs use. You'll understand the important difference between PTs, PT assistants, and PT aides as you come to understand the special role of PT aides.
Lesson 2- Communication for the Physical Therapy Aide
As a PT aide, you'll communicate with many different people, so in today's lesson, we'll focus on the communication skills you'll need to help you communicate with your supervising PT, patients, and their families. You'll learn about some of the challenges you'll face when communicating with sick or injured people, and how to demonstrate the traits of empathy, respect, and patience. We'll also spend some time on SOAP notes—the method many medical personnel use to document their evaluations and patient treatments.
Lesson 3- Ethics and Law for the PT Aide
Lesson 4- The Language of Physical Therapy
Have you ever noticed that every profession has its own unique language? The health care profession is no different. As a PT aide, it's vitally important that you understand the language that PTs use, so we'll focus on that in this lesson. We'll cover planes of the body and directional terms. You'll also learn the terms that define the body's major regions and body cavities. The movements of joints have special names, so I'll define them and share lots of graphics that demonstrate these movements. We'll finish with some other terms related to function and movement in the last chapter.
Lesson 5- Anatomy and Physiology: Part 1
In this lesson, we'll begin our discussion of the body's organ systems. We'll go over how your body is organized, from atoms to an entire individual. We'll discuss the muscular, skeletal, nervous, endocrine, circulatory, and lymphatic systems. You'll learn about the organs in each of these systems, the jobs they perform, and disorders affecting these systems that are commonly treated by PTs.
Lesson 6- Anatomy and Physiology: Part 2
We'll continue our discussion of the organ systems in this lesson. To start out, we'll go over how our organ systems are interrelated and how a problem with one system will affect the others. We'll then move on to a discussion of the integumentary (skin), digestive, urinary, respiratory, and reproductive systems. Just like in Lesson 5, you'll learn about each system's organs, function, and some common disorders. We'll finish the lesson with a discussion of the most important concept in human physiology—homeostasis. Homeostasis means the drive of your body to keep many different variables, like blood pressure and temperature, within a certain range. I'll tell you why this is so crucial and how you might be asked to monitor homeostasis while caring for patients.
Lesson 7- Safety for the Physical Therapy Aide: Part 1
We'll start discussing specific safety issues in this lesson, focusing on infection control. Anyone working in healthcare must understand the meaning of infection, its causes, and how its spreads. To help you understand this, we'll discuss the chain of infection and what you can do to break that chain so infection doesn't spread from one person to another. We'll spend some time on an infection called MRSA because it's so common and dangerous. Since proper hand hygiene is the most effective way to stop infection from spreading, we'll go over the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's guidelines. We'll also talk about patient-care equipment, environmental control, and the role of vaccinations.
Lesson 8- Safety for the Physical Therapy Aide: Part 2
We'll discuss important safety issues again in this lesson, but this time, instead of infection, we'll focus on proper body mechanics and safe patient transfers. Body mechanics means the posture of your body and how you move it. You must understand proper body mechanics to protect yourself from injury. We'll start out with a discussion of the anatomy of the spine since the spine gets hurt most often when we ignore proper body mechanics. We'll talk about proper posture and the importance of paying attention to your center of gravity. We'll also go over a list of principles for using proper body mechanics and guidelines for moving patients in a variety of different situations. We'll end with a discussion of lifting machines, which PTs now commonly use to transfer patients.
Lesson 9- Helping Patients Walk
Most of us take walking for granted, but many patients must learn to walk again after an illness or injury. PTs often ask their aides to help with this, so you must understand what types of conditions make it hard for people to walk. You should also understand the normal gait cycle, so I'll spend some time on that topic and tell you about common deviations from normal gait. We'll spend quite a bit of time discussing different ambulatory devices including parallel bars, walkers, crutches, and canes and how they're used in PT.
Lesson 10- Using Physical Agents
PTs use physical agents, rather than medications or surgery, to treat patients. These agents include heat, cold, ultrasound, traction, and electricity. To explain these agents, we'll start with a discussion about the relationship between a disease or injury and one's ability to perform activities of daily living. We'll then follow a fictitious Mrs. Smith as she struggles to recover from a car accident. You'll learn about the physical agents her PT chooses and how they affect her body. We'll end with a discussion of contraindications (when an agent should never be used) and precautions (when an agent must be used with extra care).
Lesson 11- Use of Exercise: Part 1
Along with physical agents, PTs use exercise to treat patients. In this lesson, I'll introduce you to three types of exercise—strength training, aerobic exercise, and range-of-motion exercise. You'll learn how muscles are put together and why resistance is necessary to build strength. I'll teach you about three important principles you should know when supervising a strength training program. We'll also go over aerobic exercise, and you'll learn how it increases a person's ability to use oxygen. Finally, you'll learn about range-of-motion exercises. You'll find out how PTs measure how far a patient can move a joint and why joints sometimes become limited in their motion. We'll talk about different types of range-of-motion exercises and important principles to follow.
Lesson 12- Use of Exercise: Part 2
In our final lesson, we'll explore balance, coordination, and developmental delays. We'll focus on children in this lesson, although the information will be helpful if you're treating adults, too. You'll learn about a special sensory system called the vestibular system and how important it is for maintaining balance. I'll give you examples of activities PTs use to treat children with balance problems, and you'll learn about the adaptive response—something PTs continually look for when treating children. We'll move on to a discussion of developmental coordination disorder, and you'll learn how important it is for professionals to properly diagnose this condition. We'll end this course with the subject of developmental delays. You'll learn about developmental milestones and how PTs treat children who fail to meet those milestones. We'll also discuss how PTs use developmental activities with adults who have sustained traumatic brain injuries.